Hyperphosphatemia, a condition where the phosphate levels in the blood are abnormally elevated, can occur on a frequent basis, especially among the people who have chronic kidney disease. If it progresses unhindered it can involve different illnesses such as heart disease and hardening of tissues. Understanding this condition and controlling it through the use of effective treatment options is important in the maintenance of health and the prevention of serious problems. The next few sections discuss the possible treatments for the blotted condition which could be dietary modifications, medicines or dialysis haunches.

What is the most common cause of Hyperphosphatemia?

Hyperphosphatemia manifested as an abnormally high phosphate level in your blood (between 2.5 and 4.5 mg/dL.), can be the consequence of a number of pathological conditions. It is often found in people with kidney disorders where the kidneys are the sites of reduced phosphorus excretion. As a result, the excess phosphate builds up in the blood. The excess amount of accumulated phosphate can interfere and may have harmful effects.

Here are the five most common causes

  1. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): CKD , which is the most prevalent cause, takes away from kidneys their capability to do two important functions and removes extra phosphate from the body. When kidney function declines, phosphate levels start to decrease with hyperphosphatemia results as the end-point.
  2. Hypoparathyroidism: Parathyroid glands that are affected by this disease have a tendency to reduce the level of activities they perform. They are the ones that control the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Lowered levels of parathyroid hormone give rise to increased phosphate concentration since urinary phosphate excretion decreases in this state.
  3. Excessive Dietary Intake: Foods that contain phosphate if taken together with impaired kidney function will show an increase in serum phosphate. Many ultra-processed foods are designed to last longer thanks to the use of added phosphates. These phosphates may be a significant source of this problem.
  4. Tumor Lysis Syndrome: This rapidly evolving crisis is triggered when huge numbers of tumor cells are swept away by a flood of their products that has flushed their release into the bloodstream. The syndrome may cause phosphate overload, and the body can't process and excrete phosphate as the kidneys cannot do it so well anymore.
  5. Medications: Some medications may selectively increase phosphate levels due to decreased urinary excretion and t in tissues. Likewise, laxatives containing phosphate, some chemotherapy medicines found in some cancer remedies and treatment can also be a direct cause of high phosphate serum.

Dietary management of Hyperphosphatemia

Food is crucial in managing hyperphosphatemia. Since phosphate is commonly transferred through many foods, specifically protein-rich foods including meat, dairy products, nuts, and seeds, the regulation of intake becomes increasingly important. Patients are, docterasearten, recommended to adopt a low-phosphate diet that excludes these foods.

What are the foods to avoid?

Rather than phosphorus-rich food staples like red meat, dairy products, whole grains and processed foods that need to be cut back, or better still, completely cut off. Rather than eating foods that contain more phosphates such as meat, it is significantly better to consume more fruits and vegetables with lower phosphates naturally.

Apart from that, you should pay special attention to food labels as many typically commercial food products contain phosphates as additives. The home-sorting and the unconsumption of hastily products considerably prevent the phosphate intake.

What is the best treatment for hyperphosphatemia?

Phosphate binders are the ultimate management in the pharmaceutical treatment of hyperphosphatemia. This medication when taken attaches to the negatively charged phosphate in the small bowel, therefore reducing its absorption into the blood.


Phosphate binders like Citraphos Tablet containing Ferric citrate, and others, generally are prescribed to treat phosphate accumulation in patients that have chronic kidney disease (CKD). These binders bond/attach to phosphates from the food you eat, and as such, they become undigested and excreted from the body.

The Citraphos Tablet, is an excellent option among the other valid substances that, in addition to calcium supplementation, are best suited for this kind of patient. This measures down phosphate levels and also enhances the iron level in blood. It might be very useful to patients with anemia which is related to chronic kidney diseases.

Dialysis and Hyperphosphatemia

When remedies like dietary changes and medication administration are not enough to keep the phosphate levels under control, the patient might need to undergo hemodialysis. Hemodialysis restores the normal phosphate level in the blood, but since the treatment is tiresome and time-consuming, it greatly changes the patients' lives.

During dialysis, the body of a patient rejects substances such as waste, excess, phosphate, and fluid that cannot be filtered by kidneys because they are no longer efficient. This leads to the prevention of high phosphate levels, and it is primarily concerned about patients with conditions that fail to get better even after treatment with a restricted diet and medication.